Painter, poet and political activist, Jagdish Swaminathan (1928–1994), commonly known as J. Swaminathan, played a major role in contemporary Indian art both as a painter as well as an ideologue. A founder member of Group 1890, Swaminathan gave Indian art a whole new direction. Instead of Westernization, Swaminathan began to work towards a new set of values based on an indigenous identity. In 1960, Swaminathan’s paintings, which he called Colour Geometry of Space, were of rocks and a tiny bird caught suspended in animated flight set against a brilliant yellow Indian sun. These reflected Swaminathan’s own mystical bent of mind and showed his closeness to the European painter Paul Klee who, in his turn, was known for his affinity to Hindu mysticism and calligraphic symbolism. Jagdish Swaminathan was director of Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal from 1982- 1990.